Kargil War – Among 3 Toughest War You Should Know.

Kargil War – Among 3 Toughest War You Should Know.

essay on Kargil war
Kargil War

Kargil war in 1999 is another war between India and Pakistan in 1999.

Kargil War Date:  3rd May 1999 and 26th July 1999

The war is believed to got started on 3 May 1999 and ended on 26 July 1999.

Kargil War Story: This is just a small story.

Already both India and Pakistan had fought 3 wars earlier, this war in infamously called as Kargil War.

Kargil is an isolated area over 14036 square kilometers. It is situated 11,000 feet above sea level, about 204 kilometers eastwards from Sri Nagar. This area remains covered with snow for 8 to 9 months of the year. The temperature in Drass goes down to -50° to -55°c during mid-winter. The total population of this area is 81,000.

The Line of Control (LOC) was delineated and signed but not demarcated. The line is virtual on the map, and physically no boundary exists on the ground but was identified by both the Indian and Pakistani armies and has remained so for the last 27 years. There was little supervision because there was an understanding between India and Pakistan that there would be no intrusion for about 70 kilometers of steep terrain along the line of control which will be patrolled. The LOC is marked both on the Indian and Pakistani maps.

The border skirmishes along the LOC have been matters of frequent occurrences. Every year during the summer season, the snow melts in the higher reaches of the LOC. The armies rush to occupy the steeper terrain as it adds to the military superiority of the army present there. India has a history of being caught unawares repeatedly by Pakistan. After facing a crushing defeat in 1965, Pakistan made a second attempt on Kargil in 1999 and surprised us.

In the year 1999, Pakistani intruders including 400-500 regular army and mercenaries occupied a position in the Drass-Kargil-Batalik region at 10,000 ft. to 14,000 ft. well within Indian territory. The Indian army patrol noticed some unusual movement on the Indian hills while moving towards point Bajrang on May 8, 1999. They suspected the presence of intruders there.

Their confirmed report caused a sensation because the intruders intended to make their way into India. Later on, it came to the limelight that Pakistan planned to send its regular army soldiers with those intruders. Pakistan had named those intruders as ‘Freedom Fighters'. The enemy soldiers were well trained.

There is no denying the fact that it was an intelligence failure on the part of India to trust the enemy fully and neglect the supervision. The experts nickname this negligence as the ‘Panipat Syndrom' ……… “Allow the enemy to catch you are slumbering on your territory and then wage war on his terms”. The policy shows our weakness, carelessness, and negligence of all duties.

The Pakistani Prime Minister declared that the intrusion of the Line of Control was not an act of Pakistani army but of militants over whom Pakistan has no control. The External Affairs Minister, Mr. Jaswant Singh, visited the place and called on the Prime Minister, Sh. Atal Behari Vajpayee. The P. M. expressed his deep concern over the breach of trust by Pakistan and communicated his firm resolve to retrieve the occupied territory.

The P.M. also visited Kargil on June 13, 1999. In his public meeting, he said that Pakistan had committed aggression against India by sending its armed personnel and mercenaries into the Kargil Sector, which is an integral part of India. He had a narrow escape when the Pakistani artillery shells destroyed the office of the Deputy Commissioner where his meeting was scheduled. This rudeness on their part was intolerable.

The Indian troops swung into action. The infiltrators were in a high position to attack. The presence of thick snow made climbing next to impossible. Therefore, the first attempts of our army went into futile. Somehow, the Indian troops managed to achieve success by capturing post No. 5203 This tremendous achievement cost us the precious life of our captain Saurabh Kalia. It also succeeded in clearing 99% of Baltik on July 9.

Kargil War Photo


The international committee too declared Pakistan as the aggressor. The intentions of Pakistan to draw India to a negotiating position with the international community as mediators or observers failed miserably along with the intrusion plan. In a way, it was a crushing defeat for both of the Pakistani Chief of Army Staff and the Chief of the General Staff because the intrusion plan was their brainchild.

On June 23, our P.M. held a meeting with CCS (Cabinet Commission on Security) and clarified that India had no intention of crossing the LOC. The meeting decided to forewarn Pakistan of the dangers of an imminent war before taking any extreme step. However, the community did not favor the proposal, of the Chief of Army Staff of India to look beyond Kargil and choke the supply line of the enemy from the Pakistani side and encircling them since it was fraught with the danger of escalating the war.

It also refuted his intentions of opening up new fronts for flushing out Pakistani intruders with minimum casualties. The community thought that Indian forces were only clearing an intrusion in its territory.

The U. S. President, Bill Clinton called Pakistani Prime Minister, Nawaz Sharif and held him guilty of the militant activity. He also apprised Nawaz Sharif that the full-fledged war would prove disastrous for Pakistan. The threat worked wonders, and Nawaz Sharif withdrew the intruders.

How many soldiers died in the Kargil war of India and Pakistan?

The Kargil war cannot be termed as a localized conflict since it cost us a substantial loss. We lost our MIG-21, MIG-27, and Indian Air Force M1-17 combat helicopter. Many Indian posts were destroyed and prisoners of war savagely mutilated. More than 1000 soldiers lost their lives and 10000 soldiers got wounded in Kargil War

Kargil War, Who won is still a question for many?

India won a resounding military success in the Kargil War. Despite heavy casualties, India won the battle with hi-tech in the fight through technology. Our Army and Airforce took three months to finish the ‘Operation Flush out' and ‘Operation Vijay'. Thousands of our jawans died, and our government spent much more than on the previous wars with Pakistan. Pakistan failed abruptly to internationalize the issue and lost its position in the eyes of the world.
Should serve as an eye-opener to both countries. Pakistan should learn a lesson not to invite trouble by coming into confrontation with India. India also needs to remain cautious of Pakistan and not to make the gross mistake of considering her weaker than herself.

For Deep Insight in KARGIL WAR, you can read these book War With Deception by Manoj Agarwal on Kargil War.


This is just a small story.

Kalpana Chawla